Comparative study of mesh fixation versus without mesh fixation in laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair by TAPP approach


  • Naveenraj R. Department of General Surgery, GMERS Medical College, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
  • Bhavin Patel Department of General Surgery, GMERS Medical College, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
  • Jaydip Kavathiya Department of General Surgery, GMERS Medical College, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
  • Shubham Samdani Department of General Surgery, GMERS Medical College, Vadodara, Gujarat, India



Inguinal hernia, TAPP, Laparoscopic procedure, Recurrence, Operative time, Complications mortality, Mesh fixation, Post-operative pain


Background: An inguinal hernia is a protrusion of abdominal contents through the inguinal canal. Laparoscopic TAPP inguinal hernia repair without mesh fixation is comparitively easy and safer than TAPP with mesh fixation with no increase in recurrence rate. Hence the current study was conducted to analyse complications after laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (TAPP) with mesh fixation vs without mesh fixation in patients with inguinal hernia. Patients has provided informed consent for publication.

Methods: It was an observational cohort study, comparing the outcome in 60 patients undergoing laparoscopic TAPP for inguinal hernia, where patients were randomly allotted into two groups as 30 with mesh fixation and 30 without mesh fixation over a period of two years October 2020 to September 2022.

Results: In the current study, we observed that recurrence was reported among 3.33% study subjects without mesh fixation. While Recurrence reported among 6.67% study subjects with mesh fixation. However, the difference in the observations was statistically not found to be significant and there is significant reduction in postoperative pain, operation duration and hospital stay duration in laparoscopic TAPP without mesh fixation group.

Conclusions: It was observed that laparoscopic TAPP repair without mesh fixation does not increase recurrence rate but reduces operative duration, hospital stay duration and decreases the incidence of postoperative pain compared to laparoscopic TAPP with mesh fixation.


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Original Research Articles