Endovascular penile revascularization improves erectile dysfunction in patients with penile arterial insufficiency


  • Khalil Masabni Institute for Erectile Dysfunction, Michigan Vascular Surgery PC, Birmingham, Michigan, USA
  • Nicolas Diehm Vascular Institute Central Switzerland, Aarau, Switzerland; University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland




Atherosclerosis, Balloon angioplasty, Drug-coated balloon, Drug-eluting stent, Endovascular revascularization, Erectile dysfunction, Penile arterial insufficiency


In most institutions, patients with erectile dysfunction due to penile arterial insufficiency are offered palliative treatments like vacuum constrictor devices, intraurethral alprostadil, intracavernosal injection of prostaglandins, and/or implantation of penile prosthesis when these patients can be treated by endovascular penile revascularization. 50% of patients with erectile dysfunction are non-responders to phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors. 70% of non-responders to phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors have penile arterial insufficiency that can be treated with endovascular penile revascularization. Patients who are non-responders to phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors should be screened for penile arterial insufficiency using penile duplex scan. If penile artery peak systolic velocity is <35 cm/s, then arterial insufficiency is suspected, and computed tomography (CT) angiogram is obtained to confirm presence of significant stenosis in iliac-pedundle-penile arterial system. Patients with penile arterial insufficiency should be offered endovascular penile revascularization. This minimally invasive procedure has minimal perioperative complications (<1%) and has significant clinical improvement in erectile function in >60% of patients at 12 months. Endovascular penile revascularization is safe and has long term clinical improvement in erectile function. This minimally invasive procedure can result in improved erectile function and preserves penile size and shape in most non-responders to phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors.


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