Roncopathy and daytime somnolence in autotransport workers
Keywords:Snoring, Drowsiness, Workers
Background: Nuevo León state is a national leader in road accidents, according to official data, during 2016, there were 75,931 traffic accidents. There were also more than 600 deaths per year resulting from crashes. Snoring is a common social problem. Daytime sleepiness that interferes with an attention and functioning is a social health problem.
Methods: This was an analytical, cross-sectional and prospective study. Primary mode, epidemiological type, pilot test. Two instruments were used for data collection; the Epworth test, to measure excessive daytime sleepiness and the Berlin questionnaire for snoring. For the descriptive statistics we obtained the mean, standard deviation, as well as the frequencies as percentages. In the inferential statistics, the ordinal variables were correlated with the Spearman's Rho coefficient with α less than 0.05 and Chi square was used for the nominal variables.
Results: 30 participants were surveyed. 23.3% were identified with normal sleep, 6.7% with medium somnolence and 70% with abnormal somnolence. As for the snoring, 30% were without risk, 17% with low risk and 53% with high risk of suffering it. The snoring and diurnal sleepiness were correlated, finding a moderate positive relationship (0.517) and statistically significant (ρ=0.003).
Conclusions: Snoring and breathing disorders during sleep are associated with daytime sleepiness in truck workers.
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